NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Cadmium dust (as Cd)

7440-43-9 (metal)

Cd (metal)

EU9800000 (metal)
Synonyms & Trade Names

Cadmium metal: Cadmium
Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific cadmium compound.
DOT ID & Guide
2570 / 154 (cadmium compound)


NIOSH REL*: Ca See Appendix A [*Note: The REL applies to all Cadmium compounds (as Cd).]
OSHA PEL*: [1910.1027] TWA 0.005 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL applies to all Cadmium compounds (as Cd).]
Ca [9 mg/m3 (as Cd)] See: IDLH INDEX
Physical Description
Metal: Silver-white, blue-tinged lustrous, odorless solid.
MW: 112.4
BP: 1409°F
MLT: 610°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

Sp.Gr: 8.65 (metal)
Fl.P: NA

Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but will burn in powder form.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Strong oxidizers; elemental sulfur, selenium & tellurium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7048, 7300, 7301, 7303, 9102; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID189, ID206
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
(See Appendix E) NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters./Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion
Pulmonary edema, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cough, chest tightness, substernal (occurring beneath the sternum) pain; headache; chills, muscle aches; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; anosmia (loss of the sense of smell), emphysema, proteinuria, mild anemia; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
respiratory system, kidneys, prostate, blood

Cancer Site
[prostatic & lung cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0020   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0035