NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

1-Decanethiol

CAS
143-10-2

CH3(CH2)9SH

RTECS
Synonyms & Trade Names

Decylmercaptan, n-Decylmercaptan, 1-Mercaptodecane
DOT ID & Guide
1228 / 131

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.5 ppm (3.6 mg/m3) [15-minute]
OSHA PEL: none
IDLH
N.D. See: IDLH INDEX
Conversion
1 ppm = 7.13 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong odor.
MW: 174.4
BP: 465°F
FRZ: -15°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP: ?
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 0.84
Fl.P: 209°F
UEL: ?
LEL: ?

Class IIIB Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Oxidizers, strong acids & bases, alkali metals, nitric acid
Measurement Methods
None available
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
Up to 5 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 25 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; confusion, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), convulsions
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0035