NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Ethylene glycol dinitrate

CAS
628-96-6

O2NOCH2CH2ONO2

RTECS
KW5600000
Synonyms & Trade Names

EGDN; 1,2-Ethanediol dinitrate; Ethylene dinitrate; Ethylene nitrate; Glycol dinitrate; Nitroglycol
DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: ST 0.1 mg/m3 [skin]
OSHA PEL: C 0.2 ppm (1 mg/m3) [skin]
IDLH
75 mg/m3 See: 628966
Conversion
1 ppm = 6.22 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless to yellow, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: An explosive ingredient (60-80%) in dynamite along with nitroglycerine (40-20%).]
MW: 152.1
BP: 387°F
FRZ: -8°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 0.05 mmHg
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 1.49
Fl.P: 419°F
UEL: ?
LEL: ?

Explosive Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Acids, alkalis
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2507; OSHA 43
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: Daily
Provide: Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
Up to 1 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 2.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
Up to 5 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 75 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having an N100, R100, or P100 filter. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters./Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; hypotension, flush, palpitations, angina; methemoglobinemia; delirium, central nervous system depression; irritation skin; in animals: anemia; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs
Skin, cardiovascular system, blood, liver, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 1056   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0105