NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Furfuryl alcohol

CAS
98-00-0

C5H6O2

RTECS
LU9100000
Synonyms & Trade Names

2-Furylmethanol, 2-Hydroxymethylfuran
DOT ID & Guide
2874 / 153

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) ST 15 ppm (60 mg/m3) [skin]
OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3)
IDLH
75 ppm See: 98000
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.01 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless to amber liquid with a faint, burning odor. [Note: Darkens on exposure to light.]
MW: 98.1
BP: 338°F
FRZ: 6°F
Sol: Miscible
VP(77°F): 0.6 mmHg
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 1.13
Fl.P: 149°F
UEL: 16.3%
LEL: 1.8%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Strong oxidizers & acids [Note: Contact with organic acids may lead to polymerization.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2505
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
Up to 75 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Irritation eyes, mucous membrane; dizziness; nausea, diarrhea; diuresis; respiratory, body temperature depression; vomiting; dermatitis
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0794   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0111