NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Gasoline

CAS
8006-61-9


RTECS
LX3300000
Synonyms & Trade Names

Motor fuel, Motor spirits, Natural gasoline, Petrol [Note: A complex mixture of volatile hydrocarbons (paraffins, cycloparaffins & aromatics).]
DOT ID & Guide
1203 / 128

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A
OSHA PEL: none
IDLH
Ca [N.D.] See: IDLH INDEX
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.5 mg/m3 (approx)
Physical Description
Clear liquid with a characteristic odor.
MW: 110 (approx)
BP: 102°F
FRZ: ?
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 38-300 mmHg
IP: ?

Sp.Gr(60°F): 0.72-0.76
Fl.P: -45°F
UEL: 7.6%
LEL: 1.4%

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Strong oxidizers such as peroxides, nitric acid & perchlorates
Measurement Methods
OSHA PV2028
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; dermatitis; headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), blurred vision, dizziness, slurred speech, confusion, convulsions; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid); possible liver, kidney damage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys

Cancer Site
[in animals: liver & kidney cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION