NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Graphite (natural)

CAS
7782-42-5

C

RTECS
MD9659600
Synonyms & Trade Names

Black lead, Mineral carbon, Plumbago, Silver graphite, Stove black [Note: Also see specific listing for Graphite (synthetic).]
DOT ID & Guide

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 2.5 mg/m3 (resp)
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mppcf
IDLH
1250 mg/m3 See: 7782425
Conversion
Physical Description
Steel gray to black, greasy feeling, odorless solid.
MW: 12.0
BP: Sublimes
MLT: 6602°F (Sublimes)
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 0 mmHg (approx)
IP: NA

Sp.Gr: 2.0-2.25
Fl.P: NA
UEL: NA
LEL: NA

Combustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Very strong oxidizers such as fluorine, chlorine trifluoride & potassium peroxide
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 0500, 0600
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: No recommendation
Change: No recommendation

First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately

Breathing: Fresh air

Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
Up to 12.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 5) Any quarter-mask respirator. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Up to 25 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any particulate respirator equipped with an N95, R95, or P95 filter (including N95, R95, and P95 filtering facepieces) except quarter-mask respirators. The following filters may also be used: N99, R99, P99, N100, R100, P100. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 62.5 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any powered air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter.
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
Up to 125 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 1250 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters./Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), black sputum, decreased pulmonary function, lung fibrosis
Target Organs
respiratory system, cardiovascular system
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0893   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0112