NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

1-Pentanethiol

CAS
110-66-7

CH3(CH2)4SH

RTECS
SA3150000
Synonyms & Trade Names

Amyl hydrosulfide, Amyl mercaptan, Amyl sulfhydrate, Pentyl mercaptan
DOT ID & Guide
1111 / 130

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: C 0.5 ppm (2.1 mg/m3) [15-minute]
OSHA PEL: none
IDLH
N.D. See: IDLH INDEX
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.26 mg/m3
Physical Description
Water-white to yellowish liquid with a strong, garlic-like odor.
MW: 104.2
BP: 260°F
FRZ: -104°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP(77°F): 14 mmHg
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 0.84
Fl.P(oc): 65°F
UEL: ?
LEL: ?

Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP at or above 100F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Oxidizers, reducing agents, alkali metals, calcium hypochlorite, concentrated nitric acid
Measurement Methods
None available
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
Up to 5 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
Up to 12.5 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
Up to 25 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat, respiratory system; headache, nausea, dizziness; vomiting, diarrhea; dermatitis, skin sensitization
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION