NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Stoddard solvent

CAS
8052-41-3


RTECS
WJ8925000
Synonyms & Trade Names

Dry cleaning safety solvent, Mineral spirits, Petroleum solvent, Spotting naphtha [Note: A refined petroleum solvent with a flash point of 102-110°F, boiling point of 309-396°F, and containing >65% C10 or higher hydrocarbons.]
DOT ID & Guide
1268 / 128 (petroleum distillates, n.o.s.)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 350 mg/m3 C 1800 mg/m3 [15-minute]
OSHA PEL: TWA 500 ppm (2900 mg/m3)
IDLH
20,000 mg/m3 See: 8052413
Conversion
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a kerosene-like odor.
MW: Varies
BP: 309-396°F
FRZ: ?
Sol: Insoluble
VP: ?
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 0.78
Fl.P: 102-110°F
UEL: ?
LEL: ?

Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100F and below 140F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Strong oxidizers
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1550
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation

First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
Up to 3500 mg/m3:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
Up to 8750 mg/m3:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
Up to 17,500 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Up to 20,000 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Irritation eyes, nose, throat; dizziness; dermatitis; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid); in animals: kidney damage
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0361   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0212