NIOSH Publication No. 2005-151:

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

September 2005

Vinyl bromide

CAS
593-60-2

CH2=CHBr

RTECS
KU8400000
Synonyms & Trade Names

Bromoethene, Bromoethylene, Monobromoethylene
DOT ID & Guide
1085 / 116P (inhibited)

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A
OSHA PEL: none
IDLH
Ca [N.D.] See: IDLH INDEX
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.38 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless gas or liquid (below 60°F) with a pleasant odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas with 0.1% phenol added to prevent polymerization.]
MW: 107.0
BP: 60°F
FRZ: -219°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 1.4 atm
IP: 9.80 eV
RGasD: 3.79
Sp.Gr: 1.49 (Liquid at 60°F)
Fl.P: NA (Gas)
UEL: 15%
LEL: 9%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities

Strong oxidizers (e.g., perchlorates, peroxides, chlorates, permanganates & nitrates.] [Note: May polymerize in sunlight.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1009; OSHA 8
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation
(See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact (liquid)
Eyes: Prevent eye contact (liquid)
Wash skin: When contaminated (liquid)
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately (liquid)
Skin: Water flush immediately (liquid)
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately (liquid)
Respirator Recommendations
NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Important additional information about respirator selection
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion (liquid), skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
Irritation eyes, skin; dizziness, confusion, incoordination, narcosis, nausea, vomiting; liquid: frostbite; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, central nervous system, liver

Cancer Site
[in animals: liver & lymph node tumors]
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0597